Facts About Central and South America


Countries of Central America:
  • Belize
  • Costa Rica
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama

Map of Central America--click here

Countries of South America:
  • Argentina
    • Language: Spanish but accents vary region by region with strong Italian influences
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Eighth largest country in the world
  • Bolivia
    • Language: Has 37 official languages. Most common are Castellano, Quechua and Aymara
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Andes Mountains run through this country
      • Lake Titicaca is here
  • Brazil
    • Language: Portuguese; English is a popular second language
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Most populous country in South America
      • World's largest river basin - Amazon River Basin
  • Chile
    • Language: a form of Spanish called Castellano
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Called the Switzerland of the South for it's natural beauty
      • Home to several volcanoes
      • Subject to frequent earthquakes and tidal waves
  • Colombia
    • Language: Spanish with many African-influenced dialects
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Southeast is covered by jungles
  • Ecuador
    • Language: Spanish and Kichwa is spoken by many highland Indian groups
    • Interesting Facts:
      • 31 active volcanoes
      • Has cloud forests - tropical mountain forests permanently covered in clouds and mist
      • Ecuador's rain forest is used to make medicines throughout the world to treat malaria, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
  • Falkland Islands
  • French Guiana
  • Guyana
    • Language: English though Creolese is commonly spoken
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Interlaced with rivers
  • Paraguay
    • Language: Spanish and Guarani
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Landlocked country slightly smaller than California
  • Peru
    • Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara - Many Peruvians speak both Spanish and an indigenous language
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Source of the Amazon River
      • Third largest country in South America
      • Has highest mountains of the Andes range
  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
  • Uraguay
    • Language: Spanish
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Rolling plains that have remained relatively unchanged over time due to lack of natural disasters
  • Venezuela
    • Language: Spanish
    • Interesting Facts:
      • Most urbanized country in South America
      • Andes Mountains dominate in the west

Map of South America--click here

Source: CIA World Factbook